The Who’s Who of Solar Silicon Production (Basic Edition)

Companies, Technologies, Cost, Capacities

Immediately available

  • Paperback: 174 pages (hard copy only, no electronic file available)
  • Content: 2,927 characters per page; 42 tables and figures
  • Release date: May 26, 2010
  • Dimensions: 29.4 x 21 x 1.1 cm (11.6 x 8.3 x 0.43 inches)
  • Delivery time: 1 to 3 business days to most locations worldwide (via FedEx)
  • Free shipping
Quantity Unit Price
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2 490.00 

Overview of the report

The Basic Edition of The Who’s Who of Solar Silicon Production provides you with a comprehensive survey of 150 companies in the polysilicon sector as well as fundamentals on production technology and market development.

This 174-page polysilicon report condenses numerous details from primary market research and secondary sources in 96 in-depth company profiles and 54 additional project reviews. It covers incumbent manufacturers, new entrants and technology developers from:

  • the Americas
  • Europe
  • Japan
  • South Korea
  • China
  • Taiwan
  • Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States
  • India and the Middle East.

Two chapters give you valuable insight by analyzing production technologies and market trends for electronic and solar-grade polysilicon as well as upgraded metallurgical-grade (UMG) silicon.

Polysilicon report with unique features

  • The market chapter opens The Who’s Who of Solar Silicon Production with a survey of capacity additions across the world regions, analyzes the impact of the international financial crisis, identifies potential winners among the manufacturers, and provides a global supply/demand scenario for the polysilicon/UMG silicon market through 2012.
  • The technology chapter examines 9 alternatives to the standard Siemens process in terms of technical viability and potential cost. In particular, the prospects of UMG silicon have been thoroughly analyzed.
  • Each company profile in The Who’s Who of Solar Silicon Production contains information on the foundation and background of the company, its web site, shareholders, factory location, start of construction and production, reactor suppliers and engineering companies, the amount of investment, production technology, manufactured polysilicon volumes from 2006 through 2008 (for companies already in production), and capacity forecasts by the end of 2012.
  • Project reviews cover companies at an earlier stage – usually during project development. The reviews provide the most important data like factory location, planned capacities and start of production.
  • Companies that develop new process technologies are a special focus of the report.  They are portrayed in a full profile, including a detailed description of the novel produc­tion process, based on extensive patent research.
  • 8 regional maps with company locations and a list of 56 equipment suppliers and engineering companies supplement the polysilicon report.

Who the report is useful for

The Who’s Who of Solar Silicon Production is an ideal market guide for:

  • polysilicon, solar and semiconductor manufcturers
  • equipment suppliers and engineering firms
  • investors, consultants, analysts and researchers alike.

Table of Contents

Executive Summary
Abbreviations, Chemical formulae, Silicon grades, Exchange rates

1. Capacities and Market

1.1    The prelude in 2008
1.2    Trends across the world regions
1.3    The losers
1.4    The baby boomers
1.5    The winners
1.6    Supply scenario through 2012
1.7    Perspectives on demand

2. Technologies and Cost

2.1    A brief look back into history
2.2    The Siemens process
2.3    A simplified Siemens process
2.4    Monosilane-based approaches
2.5    Fluidized bed reactor technology
2.6    Vapor to Liquid Deposition
2.7    Reduction of silicon tetrachloride with zinc
2.8    Reduction of silicon tetrafluoride
2.9    Electrolytic approaches
2.10  Physical purification of silicon metal
2.11  Direct carbothermic reduction
2.12  Conclusions

3. Companies – The Who’s Who

3.1 The Americas (Canada, USA, Brazil)

Map of locations
6N Silicon Inc.
21-Century Silicon, Inc.
AE Polysilicon Corp.
Arise Technologies Corp.
Bécancour Silicon, Inc.
Buckeye Silicon, Inc.
Dow Corning Corp.
Global PV Specialists, Inc.
Hemlock Semiconductor Corp.
Hoku Materials, Inc.
Iosil Energy Corp.
Mayaterials Inc.
MEMC Electronic Materials, Inc.
Peak Sun Silicon Corp.
REC Silicon Inc.
Rima Industrial S/A
RSI Silicon Products LLC
Solsil Inc.
SRI International

3.2 Europe

Map of locations
Centesil S.L.
City Solar Technologie GmbH & Co. KG
Elkem Solar AS
Fesil Sunergy AS
Girasolar B.V.
Grupo Ferroatlántica S.L.
Hycore ANS
Ned Silicon SpA
Prime Solar Pty. Ltd.
PV Crystalox Solar Silicon GmbH
Scheuten Solarworld Solicium GmbH
Schmid Pilot Production GmbH
Silfab SpA
Silicio Energía S.A.
Silicium de Provence S.A.S.
Siliken Chemicals S.L.
Solarvalue AG
The Silicon Mine B.V.
Wacker Chemie AG
Other projects

Estelux Srl
Italsilicon SpA
Pevafersa S.A.
Xgroup SpA

3.3 Japan

Map of locations
JFE Steel Corp.
M.Setek Co., Ltd.
Mitsubishi Materials Corp.
New Japan Solar Silicon, Inc.
NS Solar Material Co., Ltd.
Osaka Titanium technologies Co., Ltd.
Tokuyama Corp.

3.4 South Korea

Map of locations
Hankook Silicon Co., Ltd.
KCC Corp. and Korea Advanced Materials (KAM Corp.)
OCI Company Ltd. (formerly DC Chemical Co., Ltd.)
Woongjin Polysilicon Co., Ltd.
Other projects

Hanwha Chemical Corp.
Innovation Silicon Co., Ltd.
LG Chem, Ltd.
Samsung Fine Chemicals Co., Ltd./Samsung Petrochemical Co., Ltd.
Sphere Renewable Energy Asia Pacific, Inc.

3.5 China

Map of locations
Asia Silicon (Qinghai) Co., Ltd.
Chongqing Daqo New Energy Co., Ltd.
Dalu Polysilicon Co., Ltd.
Emei Semiconductor Co., Ltd.
Erdos Polysilicon Industry Co., Ltd.
Fine Silicon Co., Ltd.
Guodian Ningxia Solar Energy Co., Ltd.
Jaco Solarsi Ltd.
Jiangsu Shunda Electronic Material & Technology Co., Ltd.
Jiangsu Zhongneng Polysilicon Technology Development Co., Ltd.
Jiangxi Jingde Photovoltaic New Material Co., Ltd. (PVMTech)
Jiangxi Tongneng Silicon Material Co., Ltd.
Kailun Photovoltaic Materials Co., Ltd.
Kunming Yeyan New Materials Co., Ltd.
LDK Solar Co., Ltd.
Leshan Ledian Tianwei Silicon Science and Technology Co., Ltd.
Linghai Jinhua Smeltery  Co., Ltd.
Linzhou Zhongsheng Semiconductor Silicon Material Co., Ltd.
Luoyang Sino-Silicon High-Tech Co., Ltd.
Niking Technology Co., Ltd.
Ningxia Sunshine Silicon Industry Co., Ltd.
Qingdao DTK Industries Co., Ltd.
Shaanxi Tianhong Silicon Material Co., Ltd.
Shanxi Lu'an Mining Industry Group Co., Ltd.
Shenzhou Silicon Industry Co., Ltd. (Orisi)
Sichuan Hualin Silicon Energy Co., Ltd.
Sichuan Renesola Silicon Material Co., Ltd.
Sichuan Xinguang Silicon Technology Co., Ltd.
Sichuan Yongxiang Polysilicon Co., Ltd.
Sinosteel Scie-Tech Development Co., Ltd.
TBEA Xinjiang Silicon Industry Co., Ltd.
Tianwei Sichuan Silicon Industry Co., Ltd.
Wuxi/Lianyungang Zhongcai Technology Co., Ltd.
Yichang CSG Polysilicon Co., Ltd.
Zhejiang Pro Power Silicon Co., Ltd.
Zhejiang Zhongning Silicon Industry Co., Ltd.
Other projects

Baotou Iron and Steel (Group) Co., Ltd./China Metallurgical Group Corp.
Beijing Instrument Industry Group Co., Ltd.
Fushun Koshuha Foundry Co., Ltd.
Diantou Rixin Yingtian Technology Co., Ltd.
Guodian Inner Mongolia Jingyang Energy Co., Ltd.
Inner Mongolia Dunan Photovoltaic Technology Co., Ltd.
Inner Mongolia Fengwei Silicon Industry Co., Ltd.
Inner Mongolia Zhongsheng Technology New Materials Co., Ltd.
Jiangxi Jingda Semiconductor Material Co., Ltd.
Liaoning Shuangyi Silicon Industry Co., Ltd.
Luoyang Century and the New Source of Silicon Industry Co., Ltd.
Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City Investment and Development Co., Ltd.
Xiangxi Sanfangxiang New Energy Co., Ltd.
Yaan Yongwang Silicon Industry Co., Ltd.
Zhaoge Riguang New Energy Resources Co., Ltd.

3.6 Taiwan

Map of locations
Muto Silicon Corp.
Sun Materials Technology Co., Ltd.
Taiwan Polysilicon Corp.
Top Green Energy Technologies, Inc.
Other projects

Big Sun Energy Technology Co., Ltd.
Formosa Plastics Group
Unimicron Technology Corp./BOCLH Industrial Gases Co., Ltd.
Universal Semiconductor Corp.

3.7 Russia/Commonwealth of Independent States

Map of locations
Nitol Solar Ltd.
Semiconductor Plant OJSC
Semiconductor Silicon Plant JSC
Solar Wind Ltd.
Tash-Kumyr Silicon Productions JSC
Other projects

Kaz Silicon LLP/Zhersu Group
Khimprom JSC (Novocheboksarsk)/Renova Orgsyntes CJSC
Khimprom Volgograd JSC
Kun Renewables LLP/Lancaster Group
Kyshtym Mining & Processing Combine JSC
Podolsk Chemical & Metallurgical Plant JSC
Russian Silicium LLC/Basic Element Co.
Ryazan Metal Ceramics Instrumentation Plant JSC
Sibirskiy Kremniy Ltd./FIU Sibconcord/Xgroup SpA
NPO Silarus JSC/Titan Group CJSC
Solar Energy LLC/Industrial Investors Group
Zi Poli Tomsk Ltd.

3.8 India and Arabian Peninsula

Map of locations
Indo-Norwegian Solar Pvt. Ltd.
Other Indian projects

Bharat Electronics Ltd./Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd.
Bhaskar Silicon Ltd.
Euro Multivision Ltd.
Iacharya Silicon Ltd.
Lanco Solar Pvt. Ltd.
Maharishi Solar Technology Pvt. Ltd.
Metkem Silicon
Reliance Industries Ltd.
Titan Energy Systems Ltd.
Vavasi Silicon Solutions Pvt. Ltd.
Velankani Renewable Energy Pvt. Ltd.

Arabian projects

Abu Dhabi Future Energy Co.
Cosmos Industrial Investment Corp./First Energy Bank
Polysilicon Technology Co.
Qatar Solar Technologies

Appendix: Equipment suppliers and engineering companies

List of Tables and Figures

1. Capacities and Market

Projects that have been delayed, postponed, suspended or totally abandoned
Polysilicon manufacturers in 2006
Top ten polysilicon manufacturers in 2008
Top ten polysilicon manufacturers in 2010
Top ten polysilicon manufacturers in 2012
Silicon production by world region 2006 through 2012 (in metric tons)
Polysilicon production by company 2006 through 2012 (in metric tons)
Production of physically purified silicon by company 2006 through 2012 (in metric tons)
Polysilicon demand of the semiconductor industry
Research data on cell/module production (in GW)
Production of crystalline cells/modules (in MW)
Silicon demand of the photovoltaic industry
PV production and installation forecasts of Sarasin and First Solar
Total silicon supply for the semiconductor and PV industries (MT)
Total silicon demand of the semiconductor and PV industries (MT)
Silicon supply/demand balance (MT)
Market-clearing crystalline module production
Silicon supply/demand imbalance leads to market correction

2. Technologies and Cost

17 activities to develop an alternative to the established Siemens process in 1985
Siemens rod reactor
Cost structure of polysilicon manufacturing
Companies using/developing monosilane-based approaches
TCS-fed fluidized bed reactor
Companies using/developing fluidized bed reactor technology
Companies developing Vapor to Liquid Deposition
Companies developing the reduction of silicon tetrachloride with zinc
Companies developing the reduction of silicon tetrafluoride with sodium or hydrogen
Companies developing electrolytic approaches
Feedstock specifications for solar-grade polysilicon and UMG silicon (ppmw)
UMG silicon manufacturers/developers, ranked by impurity concentrations
Carbothermic reduction of quartz in an arc furnace
Companies developing direct carbothermic reduction processes

3. Companies – The Who’s Who

Map of locations in the Americas
Map of locations in Europe
Map of locations in Japan
Map of locations in South Korea
Long-term polysilicon supply contracts of OCI Company Ltd.
Map of locations in China
Supply contracts of Jiangsu Zhongneng
Map of locations in Taiwan
Map of locations in Russia/Commonwealth of Independent States
Map of locations in India and on the Arabian Peninsula

Appendix: Equipment suppliers and engineering companies

How reviewers judge the report

The study contains well-founded and comprehensive information on the subject and is a must-have publication for all decision makers in the sector. The Who’s Who of Solar Silicon Production rises above the usual publications in this sector through detailed research and attention to detail when describing the market. Bernreuter and Haugwitz deal with company figures, announcements and external forecasts in a critical and clear-headed manner – something which cannot be said of all PV studies.

Jörn Iken in Sun & Wind Energy 6/2010

Download the complete review as a PDF:


The comprehensive report packs Metric Tons (MT) of silicon information into a compact 174 pages. Like a monocrystalline silicon solar cell, each company or project profile page in the report delivers high conversion efficiency from each paragraph (gram of silicon). The report’s conclusion on the continued domination of the Siemens process is spot on. Besides those active in the solar PV industry, analysts, investors, and firms evaluating PV market entry can leverage the concise and informative report. Semiconductor firms (…) are also poised to benefit from The Who’s Who of Solar Silicon Production.

Edgar Gunther on, May 5, 2010

“The most detailed report I have seen so far”

The Who’s Who of Solar Silicon Production is the most detailed report covering this subject I have seen so far. It provides not only detailed production capacity ramp-up plans of about 100 companies, but also some interesting insights into technological alternatives for solar silicon production.

Dr. Christian Reufer, Market Analyst at Evonik Industries AG


“Critical insight and technology reviews not found elsewhere”

This is an excellent resource for companies and consultants alike. It provides critical insight and details on both established players and newcomers to the industry as well as profiles and reviews on technology not found elsewhere.

Keith Landry, formerly Vice President, Renewable Energy at CH2M (now belonging to Jacobs Engineering Group Inc.)


“Enormous data reliably analyzed”

It’s surprising how the enormous data and even the widely accepted rumors could be collected and analyzed reliably. More surprising is Bernreuter’s expertise in extracting explicit and quantitative essences from them.

Dr. Hee Young Kim, formerly Principal Research Engineer at the Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology


“The most accurate and comprehensive report in the market”

The Who’s Who of Solar Silicon Production is the most accurate and comprehensive polysilicon report we’ve found available in the market. It is a must read if you are looking to establish a fundamental understanding of the current state of the polysilicon industry.

Chad Fero, formerly Senior Director Worldwide Service at GT Advanced Technologies Inc.

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